2001 | 2002 | 2003 

This survey was conducted as part of the Permanent European Literature Observatory of the Premio Grinzane Cavour by a group of analysts of cultural processes and the dynamics involved in various aspects of the Modern, Contemporary and Media cultures in connection with the research group Imago of the University of Siena and the doctoral research program Literature and Communication.
The languages of art in medial culture of the University of Siena.
The analysts refer to fields of research that deal with the image and communication of cultural heritages, their traditions, identities, circulation, the and production of works in groups, with special focus on the transformations that affect the languages of the arts -- among which literature -- and communication and the trends of media culture.
The documents are processed with the instruments of research on the theories of the systems andprocesses of culture, the sociology of culture and literature, and the theory of change.

(France, Italy, Luxemburg, Great Britain, Portugal, Spain, Sweden)

by Michele Rak


1. Reading system and trends. Document 2001 of the Permanent European Observatory on Reading, by Michele Rak.
Introduction; 1. The communication of books in the European Union; 1.1. The book system; 1.2. The survey; 1.3. Book communication; 1.4. Some questions on book communication; 1.5. The reading offer; 1.6. Data; 2. Trial scenarios; 2.1. A pyra-mid; 2.2. Quantity; 2.3. Sources of data; 2.4. Goals; 3. The system; 3.1. Libraries; 3.2. Publishers; 3.3. Bookshops, supermarkets, cafés; 3.4. Events; 4. The production of books and the production of reading; 5. Toward other reading practices; 5.1. Read what?; 5.2. Reading and the Internet; 5.3. Reading on line and reading on page; 5.4. Reading and vision; 6. Society and reading; 6.1. Reading done by young people; 6.2. Age brackets; 6.3. Book reading and other reading; 6.4. Schools; 7. Trends, conflicts; 7.1. For a policy on books; 7.2. Teaching cultural literacy; 7.3. A system analysis; 7.4. After statistics and marketing; 8. For a policy on reading; 8.1. Trends; 8.2. Another set of models; 8.3. Factors; 8.4. The task of schools; 9. For a round table; 9.1. For an analysis of trends; 9.2. Reading campaigns; 9.3. A round ta-ble; 10. The Barnum model; 10.1. Transversal reading; 10.2. Technical reading; 10.3. Medium; 10.4. Orientation
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 PDF - 29 pp. - 75 Kb

1a. Book System – Hypothesis of comparative table of data.
 PDF - 1 p. - 10 Kb

2. Communication of reading data on line. The state of the art, by Carmela Lombardi.
2.1. Three methodological hypotheses; 2.2. The consistency of heterogeneous data; 2.3. Three models for communicating reading data; 2.3.1. Type and administration on line of data regarding libraries; 2.3.2. Type and administration on line of data re-garding publishers; 2.3.3. Type and administration on line of data regarding book-shops; 2.3.4. Type and administration on line of data regarding readers; 2.4.1. Some observations on the opportunities of information; 2.4.2. Conclusions. Tab.1 France. Tab. 2. Italy. Tab. 3. Spain.
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 PDF - 41 p. - 123 Kb

I. France, by Raffaella Cavalieri
1.Population; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers and production; 4.Sales; 5.The events and prizes dedicated to publishing communication; 6.Reading; 7.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 25 p. - 470 Kb

II. Italy, by Francesca Vannucchi
1.Population; 1.1.Family consumption; 2.Libraries; 2.1.State-owned public libraries; 2.2.The National Library Service; 3.Publishers; 3.1.The Production Sectors; 3.2.Book production; 3.3.Publishing houses on the Internet; 4.Bookshops; 4.2.Titles on the market; 5.Events related to book publicity; 6.Mass media and reading; 6.1.Reading behaviour; 6.2.Reading genres; 6.3.Reader profiles.; 7.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 32 p. - 108 Kb

III. Luxembourg, by Damiana Luzzi
1.The population; 1.1.Expenditure for the arts; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers; 4.Bookshops; 5.Events; 6.Reading; 7.Other media; 7.1.Cinema; 7.2.Radio; 7.3.Periodicals; 7.4.Television; 8.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 24 p. - 65 Kb

IV. Portugal, by cura di Michela Mancini
1.The population; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers; 4.Sales; 5.Events and prizes; 6.Readers; 6.1.A survey; 6.2.Time and purchases; 6.3.The possession of books and the use of computers; 6.3. School children and reading; 7.Conclusion; 8.Readers; 9.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 38 pp. - 714 Kb

V. United Kingdom, by Paolo Raviolo
1.Population; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers; 4.Bookshops and the distribution chain; 4.1.Publishing and web; 5.Events and awards; 6.Conclusions; 7.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 33 p. - 400 Kb

VI. Spain, by di Emanuela Zilio
1.The population; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers; 4.Bookshops; 5.Events; 5.1.Special Events; 5.1.International Events; 6.Readers; 6.1.Readers orienting; 6.1.Readers and Internet; 7.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 39 pp. - 197 Kb

VII. Sweden, by Daniele Angeli
1.The population; 2.Libraries; 3.Publishers; 3.1.Production; 3.2.Government financing for publishers; 4.Bookshops; 4.1 Number; 4.2 Market; 5.Events; 6.Readers; 6.1 Young readers; 6.2 Television; 7.Conclusions; 8.Tables and diagrams.
 PDF - 31 p. - 421 Kb

VIII. Young people and books (France, Italy, Portugal, Spain), note by Nadia Sensi
 PDF - 26 pp. - 64 Kb

Michele Rak
Modern Literatures and Sciences of the Languages Department of Siena University - ITALY

e-mail: info@grinzane.net